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Violaceae: Violet Family Plant Identication Characteristics.

Violaceae
Plants of the Violet Family

      Violets have a distinctive, slightly irregular flower. The pansy and Johnny-jump-ups are members of the Viola genus; if you have seen them, then you will recognize other flowers of this group.

      Botanically, the violets are perennial plants with simple leaves, either alternate or basal. The nodding flowers have 5 sepals and 5 petals, with the lower petal being larger than the side and top petal pairs. The 5 stamens alternate with the petals. The ovary is positioned superior and consists of 3 united carpels (syncarpous) forming a single chamber. It matures as an explosive 3-valved capsule. Worldwide, there are 16 genera and 850 species. Note that the African violet is not a member of this family. It belongs to the family Gesneriaceae.

Key Words: Slightly irregular pansy-like flowers.

Please e-mail Thomas J. Elpel to report mistakes or to inquire about purchasing high resolution photos of these plants.


Viola nuttallii. Nuttall's Violet.

Viola nuttallii. Nuttall's violet.

Viola praemorsa. Yellow Violet.

Viola praemorsa. Yellow Violet.

Viola adunca. Hookspur Violet.

Viola adunca. Hookspur Violet.

Viola adunca. Hookspur Violet.

Viola adunca. Hookspur Violet.

Viola canadensis. Canadian white violet.

Viola canadensis. Canadian white violet.

Viola macloskeyi. Small White Violet.

Viola macloskeyi. Small White Violet.

Foraging the Mountain West
Foraging the Mountain West
Viola odorata. Sweet Violet.

Viola odorata. Sweet Violet. Native to Eurasia, but introduced to North America.

Viola trinervata. Sagebrush Violet.

Viola trinervata. Sagebrush Violet. Native to Washington and Oregon

Viola trinervata. Sagebrush Violet.

Viola trinervata. Sagebrush Violet. Photographed in Washington state.

There are more
Viola Family pictures
at PlantSystematics.org.


Botany in a Day: The Patterns Method of Plant Identification
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Botany in a Day
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Books
authored by
Thomas J. Elpel
Roadmap to Reality: Consciousness, Worldviews, andthe Blossoming of Human Spirit
Roadmap
to Reality
Living Homes: Stone Masonry, Log, and Strawbale Construction
Living
Homes
Participating in Nature: Wilderness Survival and Primitive Living Skills.
Participating
in Nature
Foraging the Mountain West: Gourmet Edible Plants, Mushrooms, and Meat.
Foraging the
Mountain West
Botany in a Day: The Patterns Method of Plant Identification
Botany
in a Day
Shanleya's Quest: A Botany Adventure for Kids
Shanleya's
Quest

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