Thomas J. Elpel's
Web World Portal


Wildflower Logo.
Wildflowers & Weeds

Facebook Button.
Banner Image.
Wildflowers-and-Weeds.com  
Plant Identification, Edible Plants, Weed Ecology, Mushrooms, and more.
Home | Plant Identification | Plant Families Gallery | Edible Plants | Mushrooms | Links
Desertification & Weed Ecology | Weed Profiles | E-Mail | Search this Site

Zygophyllaceae: Caltrop Family Plant Identification Characteristics.

Zygophyllaceae
Plants of the Caltrop Family

      If you live in the South, then you may have met at least one member of the Caltrop family, the puncture vine, from the thorns pulled from your bicycle tires and shoes. Members of the Caltrop family have opposite, usually pinnately divided leaves. They are usually herbs or shrubs, but some are trees. The Caltrops are largely adapted to desert conditions; they are rare in the northern latitudes. A typical flower from this family is regular and bisexual, with 5 separate sepals and 5 separate petals (rarely 4 of each), and either 5, 10 or 15 stamens. The ovary is positioned superior. It consists of 5 united carpels (syncarpous) with the partition walls present, forming an equal number of chambers. It matures as a capsule with 2 or more seeds per cell, or rarely as a drupe (a fleshy fruit with a stoney pit). Worldwide there are about 30 genera and 250 species.

Key Words: Desert plants with parts in fives, and opposite, usually pinnately divided leaves.

Please e-mail Thomas J. Elpel to report mistakes or to inquire about purchasing high resolution photos of these plants.


Tribulus terrestris. Creosote Bush.

Tribulus terrestris. Puncture Vine.

Larrea tridentata. Creosote Bush.

Tribulus terrestris. Puncture Vine. The spiny fruits often puncture bicycle tires.

Larrea tridentata. Creosote Bush.

Larrea tridentata. Creosote Bush. A tea of the plant tastes just like water out of an old garden hose!

Larrea tridentata. Creosote Bush.

Larrea tridentata. Creosote Bush. Photographed in Arizona.

There are more
Caltrop Family pictures
at PlantSystematics.org.


Botany in a Day: The Patterns Method of Plant Identification
Identify plants with
Botany in a Day
Foraging the Mountain West
Start feasting with
Foraging the Mountain West

Return to the Plant Families Index
Return to the Wildflowers & Weeds Home Page

Books
authored by
Thomas J. Elpel
Roadmap to Reality: Consciousness, Worldviews, andthe Blossoming of Human Spirit
Roadmap
to Reality
Living Homes: Stone Masonry, Log, and Strawbale Construction
Living
Homes
Participating in Nature: Wilderness Survival and Primitive Living Skills.
Participating
in Nature
Foraging the Mountain West: Gourmet Edible Plants, Mushrooms, and Meat.
Foraging the
Mountain West
Botany in a Day: The Patterns Method of Plant Identification
Botany
in a Day
Shanleya's Quest: A Botany Adventure for Kids
Shanleya's
Quest

Portal Icon.
Return to Thomas J. Elpel's
Web World Portal | Web World Tunnel

Thomas J. Elpel's Web World Pages
About Tom | Green University®, LLC
HOPS Press, LLC | Dirt Cheap Builder Books
Primitive Living Skills | Outdoor Wilderness Living School, LLC
Wildflowers & Weeds | Jefferson River Canoe Trail
Roadmap To Reality | What's New?

© 1997 - 2017 Thomas J. Elpel